Hunting refers to the act of pursuing animals to capture them or kill them for consumption or trade. In ancient times, hunting was a necessity and one of the vital means of survival. It was the chief source of obtaining food and clothing. In modern times, hunting refers to regulated and legal hunting. Hunted animals are referred to as game animals, which are usually large mammals or migratory birds. Hunting excludes the killing of non-game animals and domestic animals.

The earliest hunting weapons were spears, bow and arrows. Hunting is still very important in marginal climates, which are not suited for agriculture. Most hunters prefer to hunt with the aid of hunting dogs like hounds. The sport of hunting varies from region to region. It should be noted that many people do not consider hunting as a sport for the simple reason that a sport cannot involve killing and slaughter. In the past, hunting was a privilege of the noble and upper classes only. In time, the rising middle class adopted this sport as well. Most people kill for thrill.

In the US, hunting is not associated with any particular class. Local hunting clubs and national organizations provide training for hunters. These organizations purchase land, develop it, and set it aside as habitat open to hunters. Anyone who wants to hunt must carry a hunting license, and the prerequisites vary from state to state. Hunting of most mammals like deer and elk is usually regulated at state level.

Kenya, in the year 1977, chose to ban hunting to protect and promote tourism. Safaris are a very popular way of hunting. They last for several days, while hunters camp in bushes or jungles to pursue animals. The most common hunting weapons today are bows and modern rifles. Various techniques like baiting, trapping and camouflage are used in hunting.


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